Mikrobiologische Risiken

Ecolab verpflichtet sich, Ihnen die neuesten Nachrichten und Ressourcen im Bereich der öffentlichen Gesundheit zur Verfügung zu stellen. Ganz gleich, ob Sie detaillierte Informationen über bestimmte bedenkliche Organismen, Reinigungsmittelempfehlungen oder Tipps zur Erhöhung der Lebensmittelsicherheit und zur Vorbeugung von Infektionen in Ihrer Einrichtung benötigen: Wir sind die Quelle, auf die Sie sich verlassen können.

Mikroorganismen kommen in unterschiedlichen Formen und Größen vor, von sehr kleinen Viruspartikeln bis zu größeren Hefen und Schimmelpilzen. Viele können vorteilhaft sein, aber einige können Lebensmittel verderben, Wassersysteme verschmutzen, Ausrüstung kontaminieren und somit Ineffizienz verursachen. 

Pathogene stellen ein schwerwiegenderes mikrobiologisches Risiko dar, da es sich um gefährliche Mikroorganismen handelt, die bei Menschen und/oder Tieren Krankheiten verursachen können, was zu Bedenken hinsichtlich der Lebensmittelsicherheit und der öffentlichen Gesundheit führt. Um mögliche Probleme mit Pathogenen zu unterbinden, sind wirksame und vorbeugende Kontrollen erforderlich. Ecolab bietet Ihnen umfassende, technische Informationen über eine Vielzahl an Pathogenen, um Sie über die bestehenden Risiken, die Übertragungswege und Behandlungsmöglichkeiten in Kenntnis zu setzen.

Datenblatt zu Pathogenen



African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease that can impact domestic and wild pigs. In 2019, an increase in ASF outbreaks was reported in several African, Asian and European countries.   The ASF virus is a large, enveloped, DNA virus.  The genus is Asfivirus, a member of the Asfarviridae family.    

Avian Influenza
Avian Influenza

Avian Influenza is often referred to as Bird Flu. It includes a large group of viruses that can infect all species of birds with varying manifestations dependent on the bird species involved.

B. Cereus
Bacillus Cereus

Bacillus cereus is a spore-forming bacterium that can be frequently isolated from soil and some food.1 B. cereus spores are more resistant to heat and chemical treatments than vegetative pathogens such as Salmonella, E. coli, Campylobacter, and Listeria monocytogenes.

BSE (Rinderwahnsinn)
BSE (Rinderwahnsinn)

Die bovine spongiforme Enzephalopathie (BSE) oder der Rinderwahnsinn ist eine „übertragbare, neurodegenerative, tödliche Hirnerkrankung von Rindern“. Sie wurde erstmals im Jahr 1986 im Vereinigten Königreich diagnostiziert und Untersuchungen legen nahe, dass Rinderhirn und -rückenmark, die durch den BSE-Erreger (Prion genannt) kontaminiert wurden, möglicherweise als Inhaltsstoffe in Viehfutter verwendet wurden.


Campylobacteriosis is caused by Campylobacter jejuni, one of the most common bacterial causes of acute bacterial diarrheal illness worldwide. Cases of campylobacteriosis are generally isolated, random events, but outbreaks affecting several people can also occur.

Candida auris (C. auris)
C. Auris

Candida auris (C. auris) is an emerging multidrug-resistant yeast (a type of fungus). It has caused severe infections in hospitalized patients and nursing home residents. C. auris can persist on surfaces and spreads easily between patients in healthcare facilities.


Clostridium botulinum (C. botulinum) is a spore-forming bacterium that produces a very powerful neurotoxin that causes botulism. The toxin is among the most toxic of all naturally occurring substances. Botulism is usually associated with consumption of the toxin in food.

Clostridium Difficile (C. Difficile)

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and more serious intestinal conditions such as colitis. It is the most frequently identified cause of hospital-acquired diarrheal infection.

Clostridium perfringens
Clostridium perfringens​​​​​​​

Clostridium perfringens ist ein sporenbildender Organismus, dessen Sporen verbreitet in der Natur und dem Darmtrakt von Tieren und Menschen vorkommen.  Die Sporen kontaminieren üblicherweise Lebensmittel. Clostridium perfringens​​​​​​​ verursacht nach der Ingestion relativ leichte, durch Lebensmittel übertragene Krankheiten.

Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) Virenpartikel
Coronaviren sind RNA-umhüllte Viren, die Tiere und Menschen infizieren können. Bisher sind sechs menschliche Coronaviren bekannt. Vier dieser Coronaviren sind weniger pathogen und verursachen im Allgemeinen nur geringe Atemwegssymptome, die einer Erkältung ähneln. Zwei weitere Coronaviren – das Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS CoV) und das Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV) – können hingegen schwere Atemwegserkrankungen verursachen.

Chikungunya and Dengue are mosquito-borne virus infections commonly transmitted by the female mosquitoes of two particular species: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Dengue is found predominantly in tropical and sub-tropical areas of Asia and Latin America, with chikungunya occurring across Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Indian subcontinent.

Cronobacter Sakazakii

Cronobacter sakazakii is a bacterium within the family Enterobacteriaceae. The organism was called "yellow-pigmented Enterobacter cloacae" until 1980, when it was renamed Enterobacter sakazakii. Recently, E. sakazakii has been re-classified as 6 species within the genus Cronobacter.


Cryptosporidium is recognized as one of the most common causes of waterborne disease among humans in the United States. The parasite may be found in every region of the United States and throughout the world.


Cyclospora is a parasite that infects the small intestine, causing cyclosporiasis. Cyclosporiasis became a nationally notifiable disease in the United States in 1999, and was reported in 37 states in 2008.


Dengue and chikungunya are mosquito-borne virus infections commonly transmitted by the female mosquitoes of two particular species: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Dengue is found predominantly in tropical and sub-tropical areas of Asia and Latin America, with chikungunya occurring across Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Indian subcontinent.


The Ebola virus causes Ebola Virus Disease, previously called Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever. The disease is severe and often fatal in humans and other primates. Fatality rates can be as high as 90 percent. In the 2014 West Africa outbreak, more than one of every two people infected have died.

Escherichia Coli (E. Coli) 0157:H7 and other STECs
E. Coli

E. coli O157:H7 is a member of the enterohemorrhagic E. coli group. These Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) are responsible for the majority of very serious, food-related E. coli infections that cause severe damage to the lining of the intestine.


The foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) crisis of 2001 in the United Kingdom received a great deal of media attention and resulted in confusion regarding the differences between foot-and-mouth disease and Mad Cow disease, which is also of animal origin. As a result of the FMD outbreak, over 6 million animals were slaughtered.


Giardia duodenalis (or Giardia lamblia or Giardia intestinalis) is a single celled animal, i.e., a protozoan, that moves with the aid of several flagella. It is sometimes referred to as Lamblia intestinalis. It is the causative agent of giardiasis, an infection of the small intestine and the most frequent cause of nonbacterial diarrhea in North America.

Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A

There are several Hepatitis viruses (Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E) that cause human liver disease. Of the five virus types, only Hepatitis A can be transmitted by food through the fecal-oral route and is considered a major foodborne disease agent. Hepatitis E virus can be waterborne, and researchers have suggested that it could also be foodborne.

Pandemic Flu
H1N1 Pandemic Flu

H1N1 Pandemic Flu is a respiratory disease caused by an influenza A virus. It primarily impacts pigs, which can also become infected by avian (bird) and human strains of influenza. If pigs are infected with multiple strains, the strains may combine to create a strain that is more easily transmitted among humans.


Die Influenza, auch „Grippe“ oder „saisonale Grippe“ genannt, ist ein leicht von Mensch zu Mensch übertragbares Virus, das eine Atemwegserkrankung mit Fieber und häufig auch andere Komplikationen der Atemwege verursacht. Die meisten Menschen haben eine gewisse Immunität gegen die saisonale Grippe und üblicherweise stehen jährlich Impfungen zur Verfügung.

Legionnaires' Disease (Legionella Pneumophila)

Legionella pneumophila is a bacterium that can cause a disease known as legionellosis or Legionnaires' disease (LD). LD was first recognized in the late 1970's following an outbreak of pneumonia (lung infection) in people attending an American Legion conference in Philadelphia, PA.


Listeria monocytogenes, commonly referred to as Listeria, is a pathogen that causes listeriosis, a serious human illness. It is unlike most other foodborne pathogens because it can grow at proper refrigeration temperatures.


Malaria is a disease, transmitted to humans through the bite of Anopheles mosquitoes, which causes infection of the liver and red blood cells by any one of four protozoan parasites from the genus Plasmodium. It is arguably one of the three most persistent, prevalent and devastating diseases to afflict humans (along with tuberculosis and AIDS) and is considered to be a risk for almost half of the world's population.


Bei Masern handelt es sich um eine Virusinfektion. Es ist um eine hochansteckende Atemwegserkrankung, die durch Tröpfchen, beispielsweise durch Husten und Niesen, übertragen wird. Masern werden durch einen einzelsträngiges, behülltes RNA-Virus verursacht.

(Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus (CoV). Public health officials often refer to the virus as MERS-CoV. It was first reported in Saudi Arabia in September 2012.


Mumps is a contagious viral disease that affects the salivary glands. Typically, it is a mild childhood disease affecting children between the ages of five and nine. In cases where adults are affected, complications tend to be more serious.


Das Norovirus ist weithin bekannt dafür, dass es auf Kreuzfahrtschiffen bei einer großen Anzahl von Menschen Krankheitsausbrüche verursacht. Seit der Identifizierung des ursprünglichen Virus im Jahr 1968 wird das Norovirus zunehmend als Erreger der viralen Gastroenteritis anerkannt, die mit Restaurants und Catering-Einrichtungen, Pflegeheimen, Schulen und Ferienlagern in Verbindung steht.

H1N1 Pandemic Flu
Pandemic Flu

Pandemic influenza is a virulent strain of human flu that causes a global outbreak of serious illness, resulting from the emergence of a new virus strain to which the overall population possesses no immunity. Because of the lack of natural immunity, the disease can spread easily from person to person.

(Whooping Cough)

Pertussis, also commonly called whooping cough, is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis infections occur when Bordetella pertussis bacteria attach to cilia, small hair like structures on the surfaces of some cells, in the upper respiratory tract.


Salmonellen sind eine Gruppe von Bakterien, die Durchfallerkrankungen bei Menschen hervorrufen können. Sie stellen eine große Belastung für die öffentliche Gesundheit dar und sind in vielen Ländern mit erheblichen Kosten für die Gesellschaft verbunden. Eine Gattung, die Salmonella enterica, hat mehr als 2.000 Serotypen. Salmonella enterica ser.Typhimurium und Salmonella enteritidis treten weltweit am häufigsten auf.


Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus. It was first reported in Asia in February 2003, likely originating in China. Over the next few months, the illness spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe and Asia before the SARS global outbreak of 2003 was contained.


Shigella are a group of bacteria that can cause shigellosis - a diarrheal illness in humans. The two types of Shigella most commonly associated with human illness in the developed world are Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri. In developing parts of the world, Shigella dysenteriae causes deadly epidemics of dysentery.

Staph. Aureus Foodborne

Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of foodborne illness that is not covered in some epidemiologic surveillance programs. Some strains of Staphylococcus aureus cause staphylococcal food poisoning through production of heat-stable staphylococcal toxins.

Staph. Aureus MRSA

MRSA stands for Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It is a bacterium that has developed a resistance to most antibiotics such as Methicillin, commonly used for Staphylococcus infections. This results in infections that are more difficult to treat than ordinary Staph infections.


Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and some other Mycobacterium species. This bacterium mostly infects the lung, leading to classical TB. Other internal organs, the central nervous system and the musculoskeletal system can also be infected.


Vibrio species account for a significant number of foodborne infections from the consumption of raw or undercooked shellfish. They require salt to grow, and are thus associated with ocean-sourced seafood.

West Nile Virus

West Nile Virus (WNV) is an enveloped virus, belonging to the family Flaviviridae (origin: yellow fever virus), that can cause a flu-like symptoms and in rare circumstances, a neurological illness which could lead to death.

Zika Virus

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus transmitted primarily by the bite of the mosquito, Aedes aegypti. This species of mosquito also can transmit the viruses that cause dengue and chikungunya.